From the net…
The Muslim Brotherhood was founded by Hassan al Banna, the son of a pious Imam, in 1928. As a child, al Banna was heavily influenced by the religious teachings of his father and later became involved in politics as an adolescent during Egypt’s colonial rule by the British. Al Banna became disenchanted with what he perceived as a weakened state of Muslims while he was studying at Dar al-Ulum College. It was at Dar al-Ulum when he began forging relationships with prominent Islamic scholars that would go on to shape his political and religious philosophy. In 1928, while working as a school teacher in the Suez Canal city of Ismailia, al Banna founded the Society of Muslim Brotherhood.
The Muslim Brotherhood was also intended to be an alternative to the Wafd Party, a secular nationalist political party formed in 1919 as an opposition group uniting Egypt’s Christian and Muslim population against the British occupation. The difference with the Brotherhood was that it offered an Islamic approach to the struggle against colonialism, and it would subscribe to violence in pursuit of establishing its vision for Egypt. A key figure in synthesizing the Brotherhood’s philosophy and charter was Seyyed Qutb, an Islamist theorist whose radical anti-Western ideas would go on to influence the ideological foundation of groups like Al Qaeda. In fact, most of the Muslim Brotherhood’s guiding principles and philosophy come from Qutb’s 1964 book, Milestones, where he laid out a plan and made a call to action for the recreation of a Muslim world based solely on the Qur’an.
The Muslim Brotherhood’s objectives and ideology are summed up in its adopted motto:
“Allah is our objective. The Prophet is our leader. Qur’an is our law. Jihad is our way. Dying in the way of Allah is our highest hope.”
After a failed assassination attempt against Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nassar, the group was banned in 1954 and driven underground. New laws were passed during the Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak regimes that marked police harassment and severe punishment for anyone openly associated with the Brotherhood. Although driven underground, the Brotherhood continued to provide social services to many poor Egyptians, a traditionally rural and religious sector that readily identified with the Brotherhood’s Islamist message. Politically, while virtually non-existent in Egypt’s political arena, the Muslim Brotherhood began to emerge in politics after suffering deadly suppression by the Mubarak regime. After senior leaders formally renounced and abandoned the use of terror, the Brotherhood began fielding parliamentary candidates as Independents during elections.
Read Maududi’s stance… And the detailed comparison… And the connections…